Devín Castle

posted in: Castles | 0

An Ancient Castle on the Confluence of Two Rivers


I have visited:   
[Total: 1    Average: 5/5]

One of two castles in Bratislava, placed “magically” on a steep rock over the confluence of two beautiful rivers: the gloomy Moravia and the robust, creamy Danube at the Slovak-Austrian border at the edge of the Donau Auen National Park.
It can be seen from afar from every directly and its history is older than a thousand years, as evidenced by the numerous archeological finds on the castle grounds and its surroundings.
The views from the castle, whether admiring the confluence of Morava and the Danube or the Austrian Alps, weather permitting, are unforgettable. Its lower brick turret called the “Virgin” is one of the main symbols of Slovakia.
All this only a 20 minute bus ride from the center of Bratislava. Next time you visit the capital, pay Devin´s Castle, famous for its history, a visit and also try Devin´s red current wine – it is a must!

  • OK (Not in area of Upper Castle)
    No (only in Hotel)
    OK
    OK
    OK Bus no. 28 /  OK No
     Getting there: 

    Bus no. 28,  Eurovea or Nový Most stops / Check traffic  finder

  •    Opening hours   :
     April – September: 
    TUE – FRI 10:00 – 18:00 last entry 17:30
      SAT – SUN 10:00 – 19:00 last entry 18:30

     

     October – March: 
    TUE – SUN 10:00 – 16:00 last entry 15:30
        Entry Fee    
    full: 5 €
    discount (kids od 6 – 14 y., students, pensioners):  2,50 €
    family fee (2 adults and kids until 14 y.): 10 €
    school groups (with minimum 10 persons): 1,50 € per person
     Monday entry fee 
    full: 2 €  
    school groups (with minimum 10 persons): 1,50 € per person
     Discounts: 
    Bratislava city card: 20 % discount from 5 € fee or  20 % discount from the lower  2 € fee
    Bratislava Card 100 % discount from entry fee
     Free of charge: 
    For: Kids until 6 y., journalists, tourist guides

    The castle is closed during lunch break 13h00 – 13h30
  • We mentioned castle in Top 20 Castles to visit in Slovakia article
  • Devín castle is one of the oldest castles in Slovakia. The castle was likely first mentioned in written sources in 864, when Louis the German besieged Prince Rastislav in one of the frequent wars between the Franks and Great Moravia respectively in the “castle of Dowina”. On the other hand, the identification of Dowina with Devín Castle has been under debate[5]based on alleged linguistic arguments and the absence of convincing archaeologic evidence.[6]
    During the Great Moravian period, Devín was the center of a larger agglomeration. Its defensive role was enstrengthen by smaller hill forts on Devínska Kobyla (Na pieskach, Nad lomom). A pre-romanesque church was built on the castle approximately between 850 and 863/870.[7] Its rare style is closest to churches from the Dalmatia and Noricum, from the areas with a persisting tradition of late antique and Byzantine architecture.[8] The interior of the church was decorated with frescoes painted by colors originated (according to chemical analysis) in northern Italy.[9][10] Two styluses discovered by later research can indicate administrative or education work of the local priests. Along with other artifacts, six graves dated to the Great Moravian era were found near the church and are attributed to members of a retinue of the local ruler and their family members.[11] View of the Maiden Tower above the confluence of Danube and Morava rivers
    In the 13th century, a stone castle was built to protect the western frontier of the Hungarian Kingdom whose existence was documented in 1271 and a reference to a castelanus de Devin appeared in 1326. Between 1301 and 1323, the castle (together with Bratislava/Pressburg County) was held by the Dukes of Austria who granted it to Otto von Tellesbrunn. In 1323, the dukes transferred Pozsony County back to King Charles I of Hungary and Devín Castle became the possession of the heads (ispáns) of the county. In 1385, the castle was occupied by Margrave Jobst of Moravia who held it until 1390 when King Sigismund of Hungary redeemed it and gave it to duke Stibor of Stiboricz. After that, the king mortgaged Devín Castle to an Austrian knight, Lessel Hering who transferred the castle to Nicholas II Garay (the Palatine of the Kingdom) in 1414. Around 1444, King Frederick IV of Germany occupied the castle but he granted it to Ladislaus Garai already in 1450.
    A palace was added in the 15th century. Fortification was reinforced during wars against the Ottoman Empire. The Castle was never taken, but after the Hungarian Kingdom joined the Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottomans were finally defeated, it ceased to be an important border fortress and was no longer used by the military. Stephen Báthory got the castle by the king as a donation. But according to Stephen Báthory was Keglević the owner of the castle. Keglević pawned the castle for 40,000 guilders to the Palocsai family and spent the money. In 1609, Matthias II confirmed that Keglević still was the owner of the castle, but Keglević did not have the money to take the castle out of pledge from the Palocsai family. Nearly 100 years later in 1635 Palatine Pál Pálffy took the castle out of pledge from the Palocsai family.[12] The last owners of the Devín Castle were the Counts of the Pálffy family. Only in 1809, after the Siege of Pressburg, was the castle (still considered a threat) destroyed by the retreating forces of Napoleon I of France. Napoleon and Leopold Pálffy negotiated then and they both agreed that Vienna is supplied with products by Pálffy.[13]
    More on:  wikipedia
    .

 Pros

– breathtaking views
-amazing location on the confluence
-more than 1000 years of history
-short distance from the capital
-proper transport connection
-great cycling spot
-mini ZOO nearby
-interesting events
-handmade souvenirs just below

Cons

– opening hours
-closed before sunset 
-museum visit does not take longer than 40 mins
-only low cost or lower quality food below
-crowds of people during weekends

On the Map

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